Finland is a hidden gem tucked into the far up North. It is a treasure waiting to be discovered. You will find thousands of reasons to fall in love with Finland; the people, arctic adventures and secrets. And four distinct seasons that continue to call you back. When you think you have seen and experiences it all, then it is time to explore Finland.
The stark contrasts between the four seasons are the main characteristics of the annual natural cycle in Finland. For a great part of the year the land is covered in frost and snow but there is a certain kind of mystique in the air when the seasons eventually change.
Whether it is the ice melting, revealing the green, growing grass in the spring or the leaves changing color in the forests and fells when the autumn arrives, Finns find themselves feeling united with the nature. And during those never-ending, long-awaited, white summer nights who wouldn’t?
The summer isn’t endless in Finland, but there are almost endless summer days. On a fine summer day, Finns have an overwhelming urge to go outside and get out of town.
Summer ends with an explosion of color in the forests. This is the season known as ‘ruska’, when the autumnal reds, browns and yellows are especially beautiful on the fells of Lapland.
The snow season in northern Finland begins in November and lasts at least until May. In the inland regions of southern and central Finland, the first snow falls at the beginning of December and melts during late March and April.
Summer is short in Finland and spring is even shorter. In southern Finland there is often snow on the ground at the beginning of April, with a few crocuses poking their heads through the bare patches.
Good to Know
Read the basic info and some facts about Finland!
Finland has 311 municipalities (2017). They tend to be small, more than half of the municipalities have fewer than 6,000 residents. The smallest municipality, the Swedish-speaking town of Sottunga, has no more than a hundred residents (2015), whereas the number of residents in Finland’s capital Helsinki is some 630,000 (2015). The largest municipality by area is Inari in Northern Finland (15.055 km2) and the smallest is Kauniainen in the Helsinki metropolitan area (5.9 km2). The small municipalities account for about half of the land area, but only for 15 per cent of the population and for about 10 per cent of all jobs. The smallest municipalities in the Finnish archipelago have fewer than 200 residents.
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